2020年10月全国自考英语(一)试题

2021年3月2日17:22:582020年10月全国自考英语(一)试题已关闭评论 85

考生答卷前必需将本人的姓名和准考证号写在答题卡上.必需在答题卡上答题,写在试卷上的答案有效。

第1局部:浏览判别〈第1~10题,每题1分,共10分)

上面的短文后列出了10个句子,请依据短文的内容对每一个句子作出判别:假如该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;假如该句提供的是毛病信息,选择B;假如该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C。在答题卡相应地位上将答案选项涂黑。

AUSTRALIANABORIGINES(土著居民)

SOMEABORIGINESLIVEINTHEDESERTOFWESTERNAUSTRALIATHEYGATHERWILDPLANTSANDHUNTWILDANIMALS.THEIRDESERTENVIRONMENTAVERAGESLESSTHANEIGHTINCHESOFRAINPERYEAR.ANDTHETEMPERATUREINSUMMERMAYRISETO48℃.THEFEWPERMANENT(永世的)WATERHOLESARESEPARATEDBYHUNDREDSOFSQUAREMILESOFSANDANDROCK.

ONATYPICALDAY,THEABORIGINESGETUPJUSTBEFORESUNRISE.THEPEOPLEBREAKFASTONWATERANDFOODLEFTOVERFROMTHENIGHTBEFORE.CHILDRENARESENTTOFETCHWATER.INTHECOOLOFTHEEARLYMORNING,THEADULTSTALKANDMAKEPLANSFORTHEDAY.WHERESHOULDTHEYGOFORFOODTOPLACESTHEYHAVEBEENTORECENTLY,ORTONEWPLACES?THEWOMENDECIDEWHICHPLANTSTHEYWANTTOCOLLECT,ANDWHERETHOSEPLANTSAREMOSTLIKELYTOBEFOUND.THENTHEYTAKEUPTHEIRSTICKSANDSETOUTWITHLARGEWOODENBOWLSOFDRINKINGWATERONTHEIRHEADS.THEIRCHILDRENRIDEONTHEIRHIPS(胯)ORWALKALONGSIDE.MEANWHILE,THEMENMAYHAVEDECIDEDTOHUNTANIMALS.THEYGOTOASTREAMWHERETHEYWILLWAITTOGETANYANIMALTHATMAYCOMEALONG.THEYLIEPATIENTLYBEHINDASCREENOFBUSHTHEYHAVESETUP,HOPINGFORACHANCETOTHROWASPEAR(矛)ATTHEANIMAL.IFTHEYMISS,THEANIMALWILLRUNAWAY.SOTHEYCANONLYTHROWONCE.

BYNOON,THEMENANDWOMENAREBACKATCAMP.THEWOMENAREUSUALLYWITHTHEIR

WOODENBOWLSEACHFILLEDWITHFRUITSOROTHERPLANTFOODS;THEMENAREOFTENWITHONLYSOMESMALLANIMALSSUCHASRABBITS.SINCETHEMENSFOOD-GETTINGISLESSCERTAINOFSUCCESSTHANTHEWOMENS,MOSTOFTHEABORIGINESDIETISPLANTFOOD.

1.SOMEAUSTRALIANABORIGINESLIVEBYHUNTINGANDCOLLECTINGWILDPLANTS.A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

2.THEREAREMANYPERMANENTWATERHOLESNEARTHEABORIGINESHOMES.A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

3.THEABORIGINECHILDRENUSUALLYSTARTSCHOOLINGAROUNDEIGHTYEARSOLD.A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

4.THEABORIGINESGETUPEARLYINTHEMORNING.

A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

5.THEABORIGINESHAVESUPPERLEFTOVERSFORBREAKFAST.

A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

6.THEABORIGINEADULTSMAKEPLANSINTHEEVENING.

A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

7.WHENSETTINGOUTTOWORK,THEABORIGINEWOMENLEAVETHEIRCHILDRENATHOME.A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

8.THEABORIGINEMENRUNAFTERWILDANIMALSANDTRYTOCATCHTHEM.

A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

9.THEABORIGINESMAINLYEATPLANTFOOD.

A.TRUE

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN

10.THEABORIGINESDIETMAKESTHEMSTRONGANDHEALTHY.

A.TRUC

B.FALSE

C.NOTGIVEN第2局部:浏览选择(第11~15题,每题2分,共10分)

浏览上面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)当选出1个最好

选项,并在答题卡相应地位上将该项涂黑。

KEEPEROFTHESPRING

ANOLDMANLIVEDINAQUIETFORESTHIGHABOVEANAUSTRIANVILLAGEALONGTHEEASTERNSIDE

OFTHEALPS(阿尔卑斯山).HEHADBEENHIREDMANYYEARSEARLIERBYAYOUNGMANFOMTHE

TOWNCOUNCIL(委员会)TOCLEARAWAYTHERUBISHFROMTHEPOOLSOFWATERUPINTHEMOUNTAIN

THATFEDTHELOVELYSPRINGFLOWINGTHROUGHTHEIRTOWN.FAITHULLYANDSILENTL,HEWALKED

AROUNDINTHEHILLSEVERYDAY,REMOVEDTHELEAVESANDBRANCHES,ANDWIPEDAWAYTHEMUDTHAT

WOULDOTHERWISEHAVECHOKEDANDPOLLUTEDTHEFRESHFLOWOFWATER.THEVILLAGESOONBECAMEA

POPULARATTRACTIONFORVACATIONERS.

YEARSPASSED.ONEEVENINGTHETOWNCOUNCILMETFORITSMONTHLYMEETING.ASTHEYREVIEWED

THEBUDGETONEMANSEYECAUGHTTHESALAYBEINGPAIDTOTHEKEEPEROFTHESPRING.SAIDTHEKEEPER

OFTHEPURSE,WHOISTHEOLDMAN?WHYDOWEKEEPHIMONYEARAFTERYEAR?NOONEEVERSEES

HIM.FORALLWEKNOW,HEISDOINGUSNOGOOD.HEISNTNCESSRYANYLONGER.AFTERAVOTE,

THEYSTOPPEDTHEOLDMANSSERVICES.

FORSEVERALWEEKS,NOTHINGCHANGED.

BYEARLYAUTUMN,THEBRANCHESANDLEAVESOFTREESBEGANTOFALLINTOTHEPOOLS,BLOCKING

THERUSHINGFLOWOFWATER.WITHINAFEWDAYS,THEWATERBECAMEDARKERANDDARKER.WITHIN

ANOTHERWEEK,ATERRIBLESMELLWASDETECTED(察觉).SOON,FINGERSOFDISEASEREACHEDDEEPLY

INTOTHEVLLAGE.

REALIZINGTHEIRERROROFJUDGMENT,THECOUNILREHIREDTHEOLDKEEPEROFTHESPRINGAND,

WITHINAFEWWEEKS,THERIVEROFLIFEBEGANTOCLEARUP.

NEVERBECOMEDISCOURAGEDWITHTHESEEMINGSMALLNESSOFYOURTASK,JOB,ORLIFE.THEKEYTO

ACHIEVEMENTISBELIEVINGTHATWHATYOUCANDOWILLMAKEADIFFERENCE.

11.THEOLDMANWASHIREDTO,

A.KEEPTHEPOOLSOFWATERCLEAN

B.FEEDTHELOVELYSPRING

C.LOOKAFTERTHETREESINTHEFOREST

D.MANAGETHETOWNCOUNCIL

12.TOURISTSCOMINGTOTHEVLLGEWEREMAINLYATRACTEDBY

A.THETOWNCOUNCILBUILDING

B.THEOLDMAN

C.THELOVELYSPRING

D.THEQUIETFOREST13.THETOWNCOUNCILFIREDTHEOLDMANBECAUSETHEYTHOUGTH______.

A.HISJOBWASNOTUSEFUL

B.HISSALARYWASTOOHIGH

C.HEDIDNOTDOHISJOBWELL

D.HEWASTOOOLDFORTHEJOB

14.WHATHAPPENEDAFTERTHEOLDMANWASDISMISSED?

A.THETREESBEGANTODIEOFF.

B.VILLAGERSMOVEDINTOTHEFOREST.

C.THESPRINGBECAMNEDRY.

D.DISEASESSPREADINTHEVILLAGE.

15.WHATCANWELEARNFROMTHISTEXT?

A.NOPAIN,NOGAIN.

B.EVERYJOBISWORTHHAVING.

C.PRACTICEMAKESPERFECT.

.D.HELAUGHSBESTWHOLAUGHSLAST.

第3局部:概括段落粗心和补全句子(第16~25题,每题1分,共10分)

浏览上面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试义务:(1)从第16~20题后所给的6个

选项中为第~段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21~25题后所给的6个选

项当选择5个正确选项,辨别完成每一个句子。在答题卡相应地位上将答案选项涂黑。

SUPERSENSEOFSMELL

DOGSHAVEASURPRISINGSENSEOFSMELL.ITALLOWSTHEMTOPERFORMEXCELLENTLYAT

SEARCB-AND-RESCUEOPERATIONS.ITALSOENABLESTHEMTODETECTBOMBS.THEYCANEVENSNIFF(嗅)

OUTCHEMICALCHANGESRESULTINGFROMCERTAINDISEASES.THEREFORE,DOGSARETRAINEDTOSAVE

PEOPLESLIVES.

DOGSBEGINTRAININGWHENTHEYARETWOMONTHSOLD.THEIROWNERSDROPTHEMOFFATTRAINING

CENTRSFROM9AM.TO5P.NM.EVERYWEEKDAY.DURINGTHETIME,TRAINERSPLAYHIDE-AND-SEEKWITHTHE

DOGSTOTRAINTHEIRSENSEOFSMELL.THEYTEACHTHEDOGSTOCLIMBLADDERSANDRUNPASTOBSTACLES(障

碍).THEYALSOEXPOSETHEDOGSTOLOUDNOISES.

DISEASESHAVESPECIFICSMELLS.ALTHOUGHTHESMELLSAREUSUALLYTOOSUBTLEFORHUMAN

NOSEST如ODETECT,DOGSCANTELLSOMETHINGISWRONGANDWAMNPEOPLEABOUTTHEPROBLEMBY

BARKING.MANYPEOPLEHAVEREPORTEDTHATTHEIRDOGSWARNEDTHEMOFANILNESS.

SCIENTISTSARETRAININGDOGSTODETECTDISEASE.ADOGISASKEDTOSNFFAWHEEL.BLOOD

SAMPLESFROMDIFFERENTPEOPLEAREATTACHEDTOTHEOUTSIDEOFTHEWHEEL.BLOODFROMACANCER

PATIENTHASASLIGHTLYDIFFERENTSMELLTHANBLOODFROMAHEALTHYPERSON.THEDOGMUSTFIGURE

OUTWHICHBLOODSAMPLETOPICK.

SCIENTISTSAREWORKINGTODESIGNANELECTRONICNOSETHATCANSNIFFOUTCANCER.TODOTHAT,

THEYNEEDTOFIGUREOUTWHATMOLECULES(份子)ARESENTOUTFOMTHECANCER.THENTHEYCANCREATE

AMIXTUREWITHSIMILARSMELLTOTHATOFTHECANCER.ONCESCIENTISTSKNOWWHICHMOLECULESMATCH

THECANCERSSMELL,E-NOSECOULDBEDESIGNEDTODETECTCANCER.

TASK1

16.PARAGRAPH:

A.ELECTRONICNOSEDESIGN

17.PARAGRAPH:

B.BLOODSAMPLEDETECTION

C.MOLECULESTRUCTURE

18.PARAGRAPH:

D.TRAININGFORDOGS

19.PARAGRAPH:

E.LIFE-SAVINGABILITYOFDOGS

20.PARAGRAPH:

F.DOGSABILITYTODETECTDISEASES

TASK2

21.DOGSCANRECOGNIZECHEMICALCHANGES.

22.DOGSARESENTTOTRAININGCENTERS,

23.DOGSSOMETIMESCANWAMTHEIROWNERS.

24.DOGSARETRAINEDTODETECTDISEASES.

25.TODESIGNANE-NOSE,SCIENTISTSMUSTFINDOUT.

A.TOTRAINTHEIRSENSEOFSMELL

B.TOPERFORMSEARCHANDRESCUE

C.WHICHARECAUSEDBYDISEASES

D.WHOSUFFERFRORMCERTAINCANCERS

E.WHICHMOLECULESGOWITHCANCER

F.BYRECOGNIZINGCERTAINBLOODSAMPLES

第4局部:填句补文(第26~30题,每题2分,共10分)

上面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请依据短文内容

将其辨别放回原有地位,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应地位上将答案选项涂黑。

SUMMERSCHOOL

ITWASTHEFRSTWEEKOFJUNE.GIABIJUSTFINISHEDHERTHIRDYEAROFHIGHSCHOOL.HOWEVER,

WHENSHERECEIVEDHERREPORTCARDINTHEMAIL,SHELEAMEDTHATSHEFAILEDASEMESTEROFALGEBRA

(代数)_26_

GABIWASGLADSHEHADTHECHANCETOMAKEUPFORTHECLASS.SHECANTMOVEONTOTHENEXT

LEVELINMATHIFSHEDOESNTPASSALGEBRA.SUMMERSCHOOLISNTEASYTHOUGH._27.DURING

THEREGULARSCHOOLYEAR,HOWEVER,SHEHASTWENTYWEEKSTODOSO.

SUMMERSCHOOLMEANTTHATGABIWOULDBESTUCKINAHOTCLASSROOMWHILEMOSTOFHER

FRIENDSWEREATTHEBEACHORLOCALAMUSEMENTPARKS.GABISFRIENDSDIDNTFAILANY

COURSE._28_GOINGTOSUMMERSCHOOLALSOMEANTTHATGABISFAMILYHADTOCHANGETHEIR

SUMMERVACATIONPLANS.

GABIHADTOBEINSUMMERSCHOOLFROM9A.M.TONOON._29_SHEHADTOBEONTHEBUS

ATLEASTANHOURBEFORECLASSSTARTEDORELSESHEWOULDBELATE.THECLASSROOMSWEREHOTSINCE

THESCHOOLBUILDINGWASOLDANDDIDNOTHAVEAIRCONDITIONING.WHENGABICAMEHOMEFROM

SCHOOL,SHECOULDNTDOWHATEVERSHEWANTED.SHEHADHOMEWORKTODO.

THISWASTHEFIRSTTIMEGABIHADTOGOTOSUMMERSCHOOL._30__SHEMADEAPROMISE

TOBERSELF.INTHEFLL,WHENREGULARCLASSESBEGINAGAIN,SHEWILLTRYHERHARDESTTOPASSALLTHE

COURSES.

A.SHEWANTEDITTOBETHELASTTIME.

B.SHECOULDNTSTAYUPLATEONWEEKNIGHTS.

C.GABIPLANNEDTOGOTAVLLINGNEXTSUMMER.

D.THISMEANTSHEBADTOGOTOSUMMERSCHOOL.

E.GABIHASTOMASTERTHEMATERIALINSIXWEEKS.

F.THEYCOULDHAVETHEWHOLESUMMERFREEFROMSCHOOLWORK.第5局部:填词补文(第31~40题,每题1.5分,共15分)

上面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请依据短文

内容将其辨别放回原有地位,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应地位上将答案选项涂黑。

MYTHSOFOURFINGER-NAILS

EVERYONEKNOWSYOURFINGER-NAILSCANSHOWWHETHERYOUAREINGOODHEALTHORNOT.BUT

THATISNOTENTIRELYTRUE.WELL,_3L,THEREAREPLENTYOFPEOPLEWITHHEALTH

32_WHO

HAVENORMAL-LOOKINGNAILS.

THERECANBEASIGNIFICANTPUMBEROFWAYSTHATFINGER-NAILSOFHEALTHYPEOPLECAN

LOOK_33.SOWHILEPAYINGATENTIONTOCHANGESINYOURNAILSIS_34,THINKINGTHAT

THEREISAHEALTHPROBLEMMAYBETOOEARLY.

SOMEWOMEN_35__THATRUBBINGGARLIC(大蒜)ONTHEIRNAILSHASHELPEDTHEIRNAILS

GROWLONGER.BUTTHATISNOTTHECASE.KEEPINGNAILS_36WETINPROPERWAYSCAN

HELP_37THEMFROMBREAKING,PARTICULARLYINTHE_38ANDWINTERMONTHS.ITISAGOOD

IDEATO_39HANDCREAMONYOURHANDSANDFINGER-NAILSAFTERWASHINGTHEM,WHICHWILL

OFFER_40_FROMBADWEATHER.

A.DIFFERENT

E.ACTUALLY

LUSE

B.HOPEFULLY

F.PROTECTION

J.ISSUES

C.PREVENT

G.VALUABLE

K.AUTUMN

D.BELIEVE

H.BEAUTIFUL

L.SLIGHTLY

第6局部:完形补文(第41~50题,每题1.5分,共15分)

上面的短文有10处空白,每处空白后的括号内有-1个词,请依据短文内容将其正

确的方式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的地位上。

MARKSPITZ

MARKSPIZISONEOFTHEGREALEST(GREAT)SWIMMERSOFALLTIME.HE_41(OBTAIN)

SEVENGOLDMEDALSATTHE1972MUNICHGAMES.

AMERICANMARKSPITZHAD_42(PROUD)PREDICTEDTHATHEWOULDWINSIXGOLDMEDALS

ATTHE1968MEXICOCITYGAMES.ALTHOUGHHE_43_(DO)TAKEHOMETWOGOLDMEDALSFROM

THERELAYS(接力),HEPERFORMEDWELLBELOW_44_(EXPECT)INHISINDIVIDUALRACES.

ATTHE1972MUNICHGAMES,SPITZWAS_45(DETERMINE)TOMAKEUPFORHIS

POOR_46(PERFORM)FOURYEARSEARLIER.THISTIMEHEWASQUITE_47(SUCCESS).OVERA

PERIODOFEIGHTDAYS,MARKSPITZENTEREDSEVEN_48(EVENT),WONALLSEVENANDSETA

WORLDRECORDINEVERYONE.

MARKSPITZ_49_(HOLD)THERECORDFORMOSTGOLDMEDALSWONATASINGLEOLYMPIC

GAMESFOR36YEARS.ITWAS_50_(INAI)BROKENBYMICHAELPHELPSWHOWONEIGHTGOLD

MEDALSATTHE2008BEIJINGGAMES.

第7局部:短文写作(第51题,30分)

请依据所提供资料中的要求完成1-篇80词左右的英文写作义务。将你的答案写在

答题卡相应的地位上。

51.

某英文报社正在举行题为MYDREAMJOB的征文活动。请你依据下

述写作要点提交1篇英文短文应征。

●你最想做的任务是甚么

●你为何最想做这个任务